The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is a military alliance comprised of 28 member states which include a majority of Western-European states as well as Canada and the United States of America. NATO is a consensus-based council and its decisions are legally binding for all its member states.
The Alliance’s founding ideal consists in protecting the security and freedom of its member states through military interventions, but its mandate has seen a progressive update and it now includes missions such as humanitarian aid; training, advice and assistance for the security forces; or even countering the threats of terrorism.
(NEW) Introducing: The CBA Approach
For KULMUN 2018 we have the honour to introduce a new concept to the MUN world: The Consensus Based Approach or CBA which will be integrated in the NATO Committee.
CBA is an approach to group decision making mainly developed by Richard Susskind. Major books on this approach include “Breaking Robert’s Rules” and “The Consensus Building Handbook”. This approach tries to apply the insights from “integrative negotiation” that were pioneered in the famous book “Getting to Yes” to group decision making (multi-party negotiations). As suggested by its name, the Consensus Building Approach aims to take group decisions by consensus, or by an overwhelming majority if consensus is not possible, rather than a simple majority. In addition, the CBA relies on techniques from integrative negotiation and mediation, such as active listening, brainstorming and the use of a neutral facilitator, to reach better outcomes.
During the committee, the chairs will have the role of mediators in which they will assist the delegates in trying to find common ground between the factions. They will receive assistance from the Leuven-based LCM association in preparing this committee.
Who should apply? Delegates willing to experience something new, giving more freedom to personal approach in comparison to traditional MUNing. Interest in negotation & conflict resolution could be of added value. No prior experience with CBA required.
Topic: Refocusing the NATO-Israel Relationship in the post-Iraq Era
Over the years NATO has worked with countries across the world to foster and develop strategic partnerships which allow the organisation to support its global allies and to project its power beyond Europe. One country that NATO has developed a close relationship is Israel which is officially recognised as being a Major Non-Member Partner (MNMP). Events in the Middle-East have made it more important than ever for NATO to work alongside nations such as Israel, especially in regards to intelligence-sharing and counterterrorism operations. However, the relationship is not without controversy thanks to Israel’s stance towards the Palestinians and its occupation of the West Bank, something which has drawn criticism from many of NATO’s European members. At the heart of the topic is the question of how far, if at all, NATO should look to deepen its relationship with Israel and what conditions might be attached to such a deal. The topic also aims to encourage delegates to consider NATO’s role in global security outside of its traditional sphere of influence, particularly at a time when many NATO members are facing a growing threat from Islamist extremism. In addition to this, delegates will also need to consider the implications of further cooperation with Israel for international agreements such as the Iran Nuclear Deal and for the alliance’s commitment to collective defence.
Note: * indicates that the country is advised for experienced delegates.